Crystal Field Model Simulations of Magnetic Response of Pairs, Triplets and Quartets of Mn3+ ions in GaN


Author: D Sztenkiel, K Gas, J Z Domagala, D Hommel, M Sawicki New Journal of Physics Logo | © IOP Science New Journal of Physics
Date: 2020
Instruments: PRO 75/100 MBE

A ferromagnetic coupling between localized Mn spins was predicted in a series of ab initio and tight binding calculations and experimentally verified for the dilute magnetic semiconductor Ga1−xMnxN. In the limit of small Mn concentrations, x lesssim 0.01, the paramagnetic properties of this material were successfully described using a single ion crystal field model approach. In order to obtain the description of magnetization in (Ga,Mn)N in the presence of interacting magnetic centers, we extend the previous model of a single substitutional Mn3+ ion in GaN by considering pairs, triplets and quartets of Mn3+ ions coupled by a ferromagnetic superexchange interaction. Using this approach we investigate how the magnetic properties, particularly the magnitude of the uniaxial anisotropy field, change as the number of magnetic Mn3+ ions in a given cluster increases from 1 to 4. Our simulations are then exploited in explaining experimental magnetic properties of Ga1−xMnxN with x cong 0.03, where the presence of small magnetic clusters gains in significance. As a result the approximate lower and upper limits for the values of exchange couplings between Mn3+ ions in GaN, being in nearest neighbors (nns) Jnn and next nns Jnnn positions, respectively, are established.