PEEM Probe System  | © Scienta Omicron
PEEM Probe system with liquid helium cooled sample stage.


The System Platform for Photoemission Microscopy


  • Surface Sensitive Microscopy
  • 20 nm Lateral Resolution
  • Local Spectroscopy
  • k-Space imaging
  • Easy to Operate
  • Compatible with MULTIPROBE UHV Systems

The PEEM Lab is a UHV system with a small foot-print tailored for the needs of daily PEEM work. It provides ports for various excitation sources, evaporators a sputter cleaning source and sample heating. In addition the system is also designed to house a dedicated LHe cooled 4 axis sample stage for PEEM operation below 30 K.

Photoemission Electron Microscopy (PEEM) is an extremely powerful imaging technique, whose versatility for topographical, chemical and magnetic contrast imaging at high resolution has been demonstrated in many laboratory and synchrotron applications.

Important contributions to the characterisation of magnetic devices, plasmon research, surface chemistry and high lateral resolution chemical analysis in combination with synchrotron radiation, investigation of time resolved processes and k-space imaging are only a few examples of active PEEM based research. In contrast to a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), PEEM directly images surface areas emitting photoelectrons in real-time, without scanning. 

Electron emission from surfaces can be caused in various ways - by photon irradiation excitation, thermally, via electron/ion bombardment or by field emission. Over the years the FOCUS-PEEM has been continually improved in performance and usability. The PEEM together with the dedicated high stability integrated sample stage (IS) and various available energy filters follow a modular concept easy to upgrade. In addition software assisted operation ensures time efficient and secure PEEM operation even on challenging samples. With more than 50 units in the market the FOCUS IS-PEEM is a powerful surface analysis tool.

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The Modular Concept

The FOCUS PEEM BA is the basic version of the PEEM instrument series. It is a bolt-on instrument which can be easily integrated in vacuum chambers. It is the heart of all extended PEEM instruments. The modular design of the PEEM allows adapting the instrument to the individual needs of the planned applications. 

The integral sample stage of the IS-PEEM guarantees ultimate stability, various energy filters allow for optimum spectroscopy conditions, the position read out for the sample and aperture positioning offers e.g. fast re-allocation of small sample features, a dedicated LHe cooled high precision 4 axis sample stage allows sample analysis at < 30 K together with eucentric sample rotation a k-space (transfer) lens allows for local ARUPS analysis with exceptional large angle acceptance of ± 1.8 Å-1.

Imaging High-Pass Energy Filter

The retarding imaging energy filter (IEF) acts as a high pass filter for the full image. Setting the energy filter to a specific electron energy facilitates element mapping with increased contrast.

The IEF is a dedicated energy filter for all applications with good photoelectron yield. The IEF effectively reduces the chromatic aberration, i.e. the energy spread of the electrons contributing to the formation of the image. This is of particular importance for chemical and magnetic imaging in synchrotron applications, where the achievable resolution is reduced due to the “unfocused” contribution of high energy electrons. 

The IEF can also be used for micro spectroscopy analysis. XPS and AES spectra up to a kinetic energy of 1600 eV and with energy resolution well below 100 meV can be obtained in areas smaller than 1 μm.

Time Of Flight Energy Filter

The Time Of Flight (TOF) imaging energy filter is ideally suited for energy filtered low intensity applications with electrons in the low kinetic energy range. Together with a time sensitive imaging Delay Line Detector (2D DLD), a dedicated drift tube and a pulsed light source, the TOF PEEM offers a unique detection system. 

The detector allows true single electron counting with massive parallel detection and excellent signal to noise ratio. In addition to standard energy filtered TOF PEEM experiments the detector also allows for time dependent studies with an overall time resolution of < 250 ps. 

Lower drift energies inside the drift tube allow higher energy resolution. The special design of the FOCUS PEEM allows for operation at extremely low drift energies (10 eV) while maintaining the lateral resolution of the instrument. The TOF PEEM has achieved an energy resolution of down to 50 meV. A prerequisite for any kind of TOF experiment is a pulsed light source such as pulsed lasers or synchrotrons. 
The TOF detector may be retrofitted to existing FOCUS (IS-)PEEMs.


Extraction voltage [V]

50 .. 16000

Contrast aperture [µm]

30, 70, 150, 500, 1750

Iris aperture


Real space Field of View [µm]

3 .. 800

Achievable lateral resolution [nm]

< 40

Energy filter

optional, see below

Detector system

MCP + CCD camera


single or double

CCD camera standard

up to 60 sec/ frame, 25 frames/sec

Slow scan CCD camera (optional)

up to 900 sec/frame, 50 frames/sec

S-CMOS camera (optional)

up to 10 sec/frame, 140 frames/sec

Event counting

optional, double MCP needed

Measurement Software


Normal incidence mirror


PEEM with IEF energy filter (IEF option)

Energy filter: retarding field

Energy range [eV]: 0 .. 1595

Achievable energy resolution [meV]: < 50

PEEM with TOF energy filter (TOF option)

Energy filter: drift tube with DLD detector

Energy range [eV]: 0 .. 1595

Achievable energy resolution [meV]: < 30

PEEM with angular detection (AD option)

Extended Real space field of view [µm]: 2.5 .. 1700

K-space Field of View [Å-1]: > 6

Achievable k-space resolution [Å-1]: 0.018

For full specifications and more information about product options, please do not hesitate to contact your local sales representative.

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