Electronic Evidence of Temperature-Induced Lifshitz Transition and Topological Nature in ZrTe5


Author: Yan Zhang, Chenlu Wang, Li Yu, Guodong Liu, Aiji Liang, Jianwei Huang, Simin Nie, Xuan Sun, Yuxiao Zhang, Bing Shen, Jing Liu, Hongming Weng, Lingxiao Zhao, Genfu Chen, Xiaowen Jia, Cheng Hu Nature Communications Logo  | © Nature Nature Communications
URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15512
Date: 2017
Instruments: DA30-L

The topological materials have attracted much attention for their unique electronic structure and peculiar physical properties. ZrTe5 has host a long-standing puzzle on its anomalous transport properties manifested by its unusual resistivity peak and the reversal of the charge carrier type. It is also predicted that single-layer ZrTe5 is a two-dimensional topological insulator and there is possibly a topological phase transition in bulk ZrTe5. Here we report high-resolution laser-based angle-resolved photoemission measurements on the electronic structure and its detailed temperature evolution of ZrTe5. Our results provide direct electronic evidence on the temperature-induced Lifshitz transition, which gives a natural understanding on underlying origin of the resistivity anomaly in ZrTe5. In addition, we observe one-dimensional-like electronic features from the edges of the cracked ZrTe5 samples. Our observations indicate that ZrTe5 is a weak topological insulator and it exhibits a tendency to become a strong topological insulator when the layer distance is reduced.