HiPP 2 Electron Analyser  | © Scienta Omicron
Scienta Omicron HiPP 2

HiPP-2

Photoelectron Spectroscopy at Ambient Pressures and High Kinetic Energies

PESAPPESAPXPSAP-UPSHAXPES

  • Up to 50 mbar N2 / 20 mbar H2O at sample position using standard cone
  • Energy range up to 10 000 eV with full angular acceptance
  • Refocusing pre-lens with efficient differential pumping
  • Angular acceptance: 26°
  • Angular resolved range: 22°

The Scienta Omicron HiPP-2 analyser is developed for high pressure photoelectron spectroscopy (APPES) and hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES). This state-of–the-art analysis tool enables angle-resolved photoemission at ambient pressures up to 50 mbar and kinetic energies up to 10 keV, as well as the combination of the two.

The HiPP-2 analyser is based on the Scienta Omicron 10 keV analyser and developed to allow for high pressures at the sample position. This is achieved by the addition of a pre-lens that combines efficient differential pumping with electron optics, which refocuses the electron paths through the pre-lens resulting in a high transmission analyer. The pre-lens is equipped with a front cone with a small aperture that permits electrons to enter the analyser while providing efficient differential pumping. The front cone angle is 45 degrees, which allows easy access for photon sources, other equipment, and sample handling. The front cone can be interchanged in order to increase or decrease the aperture and thereby optimise the transmission vs. maximum pressure of the experiment. Truncated front cones are available, to allow for increased working distance when performing UHV- or liquid jet experiments. The front cone can furthermore be customised to allow for user-specific designs.

More Information

Unique Pre-lens Design

The analyser contains four differential pumping zones to enable efficient pumping. In spite of this, the novel refocusing design of the pre-lens enables an angular resolved range of 22 degrees, as well as a maximum angular acceptance of 26 degrees. The angular mode enables not only band structure investigations, but also XPS depth profiling and x-ray photoelectron diffraction (XPD). The extended angular range of the analyser is made possible by the use of a novel mesh-based design of the pre-lens.

Hipp-2 Pre-lens

The pre-lens is equipped with a front cone with a small aperture that permits electrons to enter the analyser while providing efficient differential pumping. The front cone angle is 45 degrees, which allows easy access for photon sources, other equipment, and sample handling. The front cone can be interchanged in order to increase or decrease the aperture and thereby optimise the transmission vs. maximum pressure of the experiment. Truncated front cones are available, to allow for increased working distance when performing UHV experiments. The front cone can furthermore be customised to allow for user-specific designs, e.g. gas cells.

Novel Research Areas

While photoemission tradi­tionally have been limited to ultra-high vacuum (UHV) condi­tions, the possibility to perform experiments under ambient pressure conditions opens up for completely new directions of science. Research topics that become possible include studies of liquids, gaseous samples and aerosols, as well as studies of catalysis under near-working conditions. Furthermore, the combination of ambient pressure and HAXPES enables studies of buried interface and bulk pro­perties of complex samples including fuel cells. The long electron inelastic mean free path characteri­stic of the HAXPES regime enables detailed studies of liquid/solid and liquid/liquid interfaces, including chemical information. The HiPP-2 ins­trument introduces photoemission as an attractive tool for a wide range of research areas, including wet chemistry, atmospheric physics/chemistry and biology.

Specifications

Energy resolution

< 15 meV FWHM at kinetic energy 500 eV

Transmission mode energy range

5 eV – 10 000 eV

Angular modes

± 11°

Angular mode energy range

10 eV -10 000 eV

For full specifications and more information about product options, please do not hesitate to contact your local sales representative.

Deflection mode energy range

-

Deflection mode Spin scan

-

Operating pressure

2*10-10 mbar – 50 mbar

Mounting flange

NW 200 CF

Results

A High-Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Instrument for Studies of Industrially Relevant Catalytic Reactions at Pressures of Several Bars

2019

We present a new high-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy system dedicated to probing catalytic reactions under realistic conditions at pressures of multiple bars. The instrument builds around the novel concept of a “virtual...

Ambient Pressure Hard X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy for Functional Material Systems as Fuel Cells under Working Conditions

2018

Heterogeneous interfaces play important roles in a variety of functional material systems and technologies, such as catalysis, batteries, and devices. A fundamental understanding of efficient functions at interfaces under realistic...

Lab-Based Ambient Pressure X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy from Past to Present

2018

Chemical interactions which occur at a heterogeneous interface between a gas and substrate are critical in many technological and natural processes. Ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) is a powerful spectroscopy...

Laboratory-Based High Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy: A Novel and Flexible Reaction Cell Approach

2017

The last 10-15 years have witnessed a resurgence in the application of high pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, mainly through the development of new electron energy analyser designs and the utilization of high-brilliance synchrotron...

Downloads

HiPP-2: High Energy Ambient Pressure Electron Analyser

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The Scienta Omicron HiPP-2 analyser is developed for ambient pressure photoelectron spectroscopy (HiPP or APPES) as well as hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES). This state-of–the-art analysis tool enables angle-resolved photoemission at ambient pressures up to 50 mbar and electron kinetic energies up to 10 keV, as well as the combination of the two.